Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views - Abolish the Electoral College in News 2016-11-28 14:45:08 -0500
Holy Anachronism, Batman!
When Article 2 was written into the US Constitution, eligible American voters lived far apart and news travelled slowly. The Founding Fathers, fearing voters might not know the men running for top national office, arranged for more knowledgeable insiders to help make the decision. As means of communication improved, the initial reason for the Electoral College lost justification, but other perks remained, and the institution lived on.
The 21st Century is a different animal. Communications are broad and almost instantaneous. Newspapers, television and ubiquitous social media sites spread information at the speed of electrons. Almost every voter is privy to the full biography and current merits (or deficiencies) of any given candidate. In recent decades, we have seen two races in which the candidate won a plurality in the popular vote, but failed to get enough Electoral College votes. Accordingly, the demand for ‘direct democracy’ in the national race has also grown.
There are at least three ways the Electoral College can be defanged or dismantled and the Presidential ticket elected by popular vote alone:
There has only been one, THE Constitutional Convention at which the current US Constitution was passed. To call another requires two-thirds (34 of 50) to send a request to Congress to call one. That possibility looms larger with additional Republican wins in statehouses in this year. Indeed, they’ve been studying the possibility formally since 2013. The problem with this way of striking down the Electoral College is that a Convention is not limited to the one issue that triggers it. Once convened, the lawmakers can literally re-write the Constitution, removing things they don’t like and adding a few we may not like. CNN lays out the details of what it all might mean, ending with a quote from Karla Jones, director for international affairs for ALEC: "The chances of a convention running away, so to speak, are minimal." You believe anything from ALEC, and we’ve got a bridge you might like to buy!
A less drastic approach might be another Amendment to the Constitution, that is, a modification to the Constitution, on one matter only. Apart from a Convention, an amendment has to be passed by two-thirds of the members of both the House and the Senate. It is then sent to the states for ratification. It must be ratified by three-quarters (now 38) of the states, either by their legislatures or by special ‘ratifying conventions.’
Retiring Senator Barbara Boxer, D-CA, introduced legislation after the election which would scrap the Electoral College. Her bill calls for an amendment to the Constitution that would end the Electoral College system.
National Popular Vote Interstate Compact (NPVIC)
The National Popular Vote interstate compact would not take effect until enacted by states possessing a majority of the electoral votes—that is, enough to elect a President (270 of 538). Under the compact, the winner would be the candidate who received the most popular votes from all 50 states (and DC) on Election Day. When the Electoral College meets in mid-December, the national popular vote winner would receive all of the electoral votes of the enacting states. And that would be sufficient to allow the popular winner to also be the Electoral College victor. Until enough states sign on, those who support it would still operate under their current laws.
Of the three methods here, the most likely to succeed in the near term is the third, the NPVIC. Democrats at the state level will almost all support it. And backers point out that it may also attract Republicans who care about fairness. A constitutional amendment is the next best bet, but it takes longer in the best of times and will be harder to pass through a GOP-dominated Congress. A Convention is to be avoided, given the current conservative dominance in Congress and sentiment in some parts of the electorate. It would open a huge can of worms and could even give authoritarians the opportunity to limit freedom of speech, assembly and press, among other rights held in high regard.
Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views: Assuring the Integrity of the Vote -1 in News 2016-11-27 10:30:17 -0500
1 - Voter Suppression
… especially on the weekend, allows working people to avoid long lines that prevent them from getting to work on time. Curtailing early voting, and in some states, local absentee mail-in voting, disproportionately affects Blacks and Latinos, who may also be less well off, have limited transportation choices and be more likely to vote Democratic. After the Tea Party sweep in the 2010 midterms, early voting was cut back in several states, among them the key ‘battleground states’ of Florida, North Carolina, Wisconsin and Ohio.
… strikes names from the registered voter rolls. Names may be purged because they are the same as a convicted felon (in states that disenfranchise them). Or because they match the name of a voter in another jurisdiction. This 2014 Slate report revealed the GOP funded Operation Crosscheck, a computer program that compared first and last names but not middle names or suffixes. Targeted names were those associated with Democratic voters. The voter may not know until they arrive at the polling place and are forced to vote a provisional ballot.
… are great, when they work. They allow the voter to register his/her choices. Then, the registration problem can then be corrected after Election Day. Voters may bring the necessary documents (or IDs) to voting officials within a certain time. But if the problem is nt resolved, the vote is lost.
… is all the doom and gloom we hear in the media prior to the election. It’s important for citizens to know that vote suppression tactics are being used. But, while that should make voters more determined than ever to make sure their vote is honored, it can also discourage them from trying.
… is a variation on bad news. Beyond the idea that their voting effort may well be useless is the spectre of being confronted at the polls by thugs from the ‘other side.’ The prospect of being challenged or involved in a nearby scuffle can make the faint-of-heart afraid to go near the polling station. Thugs don’t have to show up. All they need is the news report that says they might.
Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views: Assuring the Integrity of the Vote - 2 in News 2016-11-27 10:24:00 -0500
2 - Conduct of the Election Process
Elections can be skewed at the polls in several ways. Most of them have been tried this year in various parts of the country, particularly those controlled by Republicans. While unforeseen problems can accidentally cause disruptions to the process, what we’re talking about here is meddling designed to impede certain voters.
In a suburban area, most people get around to conduct their business by car. So, a polling place would need to have easy access and ample parking. In an urban area, especially one with many low-income residents, the polling place should be within walking distance or accessible by public transport. In either case, if it’s hard for voters to reach the polling place, they’re less likely to vote.
Following the Supreme Court decision that struck down parts of the Voting Rights Act (Shelby v Holder, 2013), a number southern states reduced the number of polling places. By November 2016, the total eliminated had risen to 868, many in areas that promised a close presidential race. This particularly impacted voters of color.
Long waits in line
Fewer polling places, besides being less easy to reach, can also mean more voters at each and longer waits to vote. Remember Arizona in the March primary? There were five-hour waits in line in some precincts. The elderly and infirm can’t stand in line an hour or more. Neither can people who have to get to work or home to relieve a babysitter.
Few or badly distributed voting machines
Even if there are enough polling places, lack of equipment or staff inside can cause delays. In Franklin County, OH, in 2004, Clintonville voters waited up to three hours. Clintonville is a mixed-ethnic, working class, usually Democratic area near the Ohio State campus. Across town, in Upper Arlington, a high-income suburb that leans Republican, voters were in and out in ten minutes. This year, similar problems were reported in Maricopa County, AZ … home of the infamous, now-former Sheriff Joe “Pink Underwear” Arapaio.
If voters are given partial or wrong information, they may lose their franchise. Rightly or wrongly, they may be told their voting place has moved. They may be sent to another location, or given a provisional ballot that may or may not be counted. They may hear they need a photo ID, when none is required. Poll workers may give a provisional ballot but, by ignorance or design, not tell the voter essential information about documentation needed to verify their registration. Changes in state laws, even if overturned by the courts, may stick in voters’ minds, adding further confusion.
If your polling place is ‘abroad’
For voters abroad, the situation can be more confusing. Voters in the US, at least, live within one state and have to contend with its rules, only. Overseas, information handed out to voters often tries to generalize as much as possible to cover all states. However, deadlines and rules about obtaining and returning registration forms and ballots may differ widely.
And worse, consider the case for Democrats Abroad. The same online platform, votefromabroad.org (VFA) can be used to fill and print out an application for registration and request for ballot and also to join DA. It’s simple, really, just one more click on the screen.
But some voters still don’t realize that the two processes are separate. Joining DA doesn’t register one to vote. Registering with one’s home state to vote, even in a Democratic primary, doesn’t automatically ‘join’ the voter to DA. And non-members … don’t get the very informative emails and reminders from their country committees.
Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views: Assuring the Integrity of the Vote – 3 in News 2016-11-27 09:23:42 -0500
3 - Hacking the Vote
Convincing voters they needn’t bother or scaring them with threats of intimidation or making them wait in long lines or simply confusing them is all rather old hat. The modern way to steal an election is simply to hack the vote without anyone knowing. And that’s been with us since 2000, possibly in the planning a bit before that.
In Florida, there were butterfly ballots (where the vote lozenge didn’t line up with the candidate on the opposite page) and hanging chads (where the little hole-puncher thingy didn’t punch completely … and the optical marks reader thingy thought the cardboard was still covering the hole). You’ll forgive this technical explanation.
The upshot was that the country was convinced it needed to modernize. The Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA) was passed, and money was set aside to help state voting authorities enter the modern age of direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machines.
Like a smart phone, these DREs would be touch-screen and everyone could use them. They could be adjusted for people with physical impairments. They could be connected to local networks or the Internet and vote tallies could speed across the ether to Vote Central at the TV networks. There, highly skilled news presenters could open up the state map on touchscreen video walls and show us where this county or that was 83% reported. And much more.
Some states were already set up by the 2002 midterms, but it wasn’t until the 2004 general election that we saw the real power of the DRE. Florida seemed to have got its holes punched and life was good. Ohio got punched, too. And there, Kerry’s lead of 51-49 at about 11 pm suddenly became a Bush lead of 51-49. A few nerdy types had taken screen shots before and after the TV video walls uniformly showed Bush winning. The screen shots told a story but did not overturn the election.
The world gasped in disbelief. Americans were voting that dullard, neo-con warmonger in for a 2nd term?
The Greens and Libs in Ohio, as Jill Stein has just announced again this year, chipped in to demand and pay for a recount. The Democrats politely sat it out. The Republican Secretary of State of Ohio, Ken Blackwell, who was coincidentally the head of the state’s Re-Elect Bush committee, declared Bush the winner.
And, indeed, the recount supported his call. The DREs, unfortunately, had no paper trail, that is, nothing to re-count except the electronic tallies. And the digits agreed that Bush had won. A number of vote-integrity groups – Black Box Voting, Verified Voting, National Voting Rights Institute -- sprang up and began trying to prove something was amiss and how it worked.
It’s been 12 years now, and quite a lot has been learned. First of all, a well-purloined election doesn’t use just one big grab. It’s the sum of a little here, a little there that does the job. And as Zachary Quinto, at Verified Voting, points out, suspicion that the vote is hacked may be the biggest threat to democracy. It gives us the idea that voting is futile. Why bother?
But that’s not the whole story. Experts are on top of the potential threats, advising states ahead of time, checking the veracity of the results, and demanding re-counts where results indicate possible problems.
Here’s what they look for:
Anomalies only a nerd could love
Experts crunch the numbers. If, for instance, Trump wins big in counties using DREs but Clinton wins where they use paper ballots, it may suggest the machines are rigged. More innocently, it may mean a wealthy county that leans GOP has digital voting and a poorer area that leans Dem still uses mechanical machines. Either way, it indicates a need to investigate. Only five states are all-digital; in other states these DRE-paper disparities may show up.
Ageing DREs, calibration problems
Likewise, one or two machines in a polling station may record high for one candidate while the other 10 or so show the opponent winning. Many DREs were bought with HAVA funds and haven’t been replaced. They have to be calibrated so that a finger-touch here actually records the candidate the voter intends to choose. Older machines may be less reliable. So, calibration might be checked if results differ significantly from what’s expected in a given precinct, or from exit poll predictions.
Malware in the machines
Malware, that is a destructive computer algorithm, can be introduced into an individual machine that will then ‘flip’ all of its votes from one candidate to another. Smart malware won’t flip every vote, just a few every so often. Hardly noticeable. Machines that are not well-guarded can be opened and ‘loaded’ in just a few minutes. Some canny cyber-security professors and their students at Princeton have been finding the flaws since the late 1990’s. The problems go beyond the machines to the software that aggregates the totals, and even the OMRs that read those chad-punched paper ballots.
Networked to share
If you want a really fast tally for those TV video walls, you can connect all the DRE’s to a network that shoots the final count off to the state’s central election control. Of course, it’s a two-way street. If tallies can go out, viruses can also come in, and the malware in one machine can spread to all the machines in a network. A few states, such as Georgia, have heeded the warning and taken their machines off of networks.
Lack of paper trail
Under pressure from vote-integrity advocates, many jurisdictions have added voter-verified paper ‘audit’ trails to their machines. One simple way is a print-out, not unlike a cash register tape, locked securely within the DRE. Visible through a little glass window, the tape shows the current vote. The voter can check his/her vote has been recorded correctly before hitting the ‘finished voting’ button. The tape can be checked against the electronic tally if a recount is called.
Safeguards turned off
Modifying an existing machine can be costly. Some jurisdictions opted for other methods. Swing state Ohio, for instance, has an ‘audit camera’ above the machine. It records the screen the voter sees ... IF it’s turned on. This year, the Republican Secretary of State John Husted said it wasn’t necessary to use the cameras. A suit was brought. The Republican-appointed judge decided with Husted. Clinton lost by 454,000 votes, well over the ‘close’ election that in Ohio law triggers an automatic recount. In any case, without a paper trail or audit camera shots, a re-count is pointless. Investigative journalist Greg Palast had a lot to say about this and other potential problems before the election. Only a few in the media paid much attention. Coiffure and emails were juicier news.
Exit polls only accurate in 3rd world
Exit polls are used by election integrity teams around the world. They are considered the gold standard, highly accurate, in proving that an election has been conducted fairly. In the US, however, they’re called into question. David Pakman’s show has a lively talk about this.
And when they vary widely from the official outcomes, attempts are made to excuse the ‘error.’ A 2008 Forbes article, referencing the 2004 election, is a good example. Somehow, the random sample specified by a computer must have been weighted toward Kerry voters. So, the exit polls predicted a Kerry win. Was random sampling not random? Go figure.
Where does all this leave us? A recount is being filed in Wisconsin by Jill Stein, Green Party, whose website says a Pennsylvania recount has also been funded and they’re moving on the money needed for one in Michigan. The combined difference is just over 100,000 votes.
Recounts may show the popular vote is much closer or may even award one or more of these states to Clinton. In the first case, it would justify more Electors breaking their pledges for Trump. In the second case, the Electoral College makeup would change in favor of Clinton. She needs Pennsylvania and either of the other two.
The prospect of changing the election results is both heady and scary. In light of Clinton’s unprecedented 2-million popular vote lead, it seems only fair. With another just-awful name added to the Trump cabinet each day, it seems downright crucial. On the other hand, the potentially violent reaction of Trump’s extreme alt-right fans is unsettling, and a few urge letting well enough alone, aka ‘appeasement.’ We can click more petitions and send money to fund recounts, or not. It’s a matter, like voting, for each of us to weigh and decide.
Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views: Assuring the Integrity of the Vote in News 2016-11-24 14:25:35 -0500
Charity Moschopoulos published Post-Election Views: Assuring the Integrity of the Vote in News 2016-11-24 14:25:33 -0500
Might the November 2016 election have been rigged? Apart from Trump’s avowal to challenge the results, relatively little attention was paid in the mainstream media before the election. On the Dem side, the reaction was, “Yeah, right, but not against you!” After all, the polls pointed to a likely Clinton win. Possibly a landslide!
November 9 brought its harsh truth. Clinton had lost. While some leaped to explain why voters had rejected her, others looked ahead to what a Trump presidency would mean. A few sought ways to prevent it.
The first ‘uprising’ took its outrage to the streets, for the most part peacefully and amid jeers from the Trump side of ‘It’s over! Get used to it!’
The next wave petitioned the Electoral College to do its job, i.e. choose the most suitable candidate as President when they meet on Dec 19. Three days after the election, over 3 million had signed. As of today, there are 4.6 million signatures and counting, with growing justification. Clinton’s lead in the popular vote has surpassed 2 million, and votes are still being tallied in a few states. Clinton has 64,223,958 votes, compared to Trump’s 62,206,395 votes.
However, many of these votes are in populous, blue states whose Electors have already been pledged to Clinton. Still, the original two Electors who said they will not vote for Trump have been joined by four more. They need 37 to change the outcome, and those other 31 will be more inclined to break their pledge, paying a lousy $1000 fine for the pleasure, if they have just a little more justification.
This is where ‘integrity of the vote’ comes in. The opportunity to correct anomalies occupies a small window between final tallies and certification of the vote by each state. Some states, Wisconsin, for instance, have deadlines for challenging the vote.
Election integrity encompasses three distinct areas.
conduct of the election process
- integrity in recording and counting the vote
2016 was the first election in 50 years not fully covered by the Voting Rights Act. Parts of the VRA were struck down by the US Supreme Court, on arguments that election access was now a done-deal for minority votes in what had been ‘Jim Crow’ states. Said states, at least those under Republican governors and legislatures, set about reconstructing roadblocks for minority voters.
A post-election note from the DAGR Chair
It’s been five days since the Election. You haven’t heard much from your ExCom and you may be wondering if we’ve slunk away, tail between legs, embarrassed in defeat.
Okay, it did take a couple of days to recover from what we now think of as elect-lag. Staying up all night -- and dragging home if that all-nighter was at an outside event -- followed by another hour or so of BBC or CNN to catch the last bad news takes a toll. Floppy body, mush mind!
Then the need to reach out takes over, and the phone, email, web articles and Facebook frenzy kicks in. Share the grief! Perform the post mortem! Sign a petition!
Do what you will, it’s still surreal!
If you, like me, get your TV English news from BBC, you may be struck this weekend by the notion that Trump may not be such a bad choice after all. And it comes back to you that during the campaign, you noticed they hadn’t seemed sufficiently terrified of him. Now, THAT’s surreal!
Otherwise, reactions are mixed. Some of us just want to accept it and move on. Fair enough! It’s been an exhausting campaign. Others -- and I’m in this camp -- unload our angst by increasing activity and encouraging others to do the same.
There are a lot of options for action now. We’re trying as quickly as possible to get some ideas up on the DA website > Greece > News page. US and state laws provide many remedies, and they fall into a logical sequence.
track your own ballot and make sure it’s counted
monitor and make sure your state’s vote count is accurate
petition the Electoral College to elect the popular vote winner
draw stateside friends into the discussion in social media and emails
organize our DAGR country plan and timeline for 2017
help decide if we should go to an inaugural party or hold an anti-inaugural
bone up on the issues a Trump presidency is likely to attack
read about voter suppression in ‘red’ states once VRA was curtailed
advocate for the National Popular Vote Compact in your home state
That may seem like a lot of work, and some like No. 3 have a snowball’s chance in hell of succeeding. But each action has its own optimal time and unique rewards.
Know that by participating in any or all of these actions, we’ll deepen our knowledge of our system. That means we’ll be better prepared to hold the line on crucial programs (e.g. Social Security) and fight off future assaults on voter enfranchisement.
Of major importance, especially by social media, we can reach out and support those energetic, young, first-time voters who got slapped down. We can encourage them and offer something constructive to do when the weather goes cold and street protests peter out.
ExCom will be meeting soon to assess our performance past and our road ahead. We’ll also put up a survey to learn what you’d like to do as a member of DAGR and what you think the Party as a whole should do.
For now, our approach is the one Elizabeth Warren, among others, shared this week.
Karen Lee, Chair
Charity Moschopoulos published Post Election Views - Déjà vu? Change the View! in News 2016-11-13 16:58:33 -0500
Déjà vu? Change the View!
November 2000. Gore gets 500,000+ more popular votes than Bush, but is denied a recount of flawed ‘hanging chads’ and ‘butterfly ballots’ in Florida. Florida’s Electoral College votes go to Bush. We are terribly disappointed, but good sports about it. Touch-screen digital voting machines are mandated by the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) with subsidies for their purchase.
November 2004. The new touch screen machines are in use across the country. Most provide no printout of the vote. Kerry is projected as winner in the first few hours after polls close. At about 11 p.m., some observers claim they noticed the score in Ohio abruptly flip from 51-49 to 49-51. Amid some confusion in the US and utter disbelief abroad, Bush is elected to a 2nd term. Vote integrity groups spring up and identify other anomalies in the count vs prior and exit polls. The Greens and Libertarians chip in and call for a recount, but again, there’s no ‘paper trail.’ We are terribly disappointed, but Kerry, his staffers and the Dem party are gracious losers.
November 2008. Obama amplifies an inspired campaign with innovative use of online resources and sweeps into office with a Democratic House and Senate. He inherits a gutted economy and the seeds of a backlash coalition of racist, socially conservative, anti-government forces. But, with Dems also in office at the state level, some of the voting machine ‘glitches’ are corrected. We pass what laws we can. We are happy.
November 2012. Founded by Kerry’s nemesis, the Swiftboaters, and funded by oil billionaires, the backlash has become the Tea Party movement. It‘s pulled off a major 2010 midterm win at all levels and set about gerrymandering House districts. Congress is in gridlock and slow economic recovery unsettles working class voters. Obama squeaks by into his 2nd term. We are relieved.
November 2016. The Tea Party tries to look respectable and fields a remarkable number of candidates for the GOP nomination. Last man standing is tyro Trump, whose uninhibited use of hate-the-other rhetoric rivals the Tea Party’s and is envied by the unsettled. On the Dem side, Sanders talks issues, taps into the unsettled anger and brings a growing coterie of enthusiastic progressives. Polls say he’d trounce Trump, but the Dem establishment still holds the reins and plays it ‘safe’ with Clinton. Clinton runs a stand-up campaign and is predicted to win. Trump wins and overnight retracts his hair and his worst divisive rhetoric. We are confused, devastated, gob-stopped, but still hopeful when Podesta tells us to come back for news in the morning. In the morning, Clinton gives an eloquent concession speech. She’s a gracious loser. Déjà vu.
At first, most of us tried to process what had happened. We reached out to each other by phone and social media. We scanned the newsfeeds for some clue that would explain the void we felt. Some were heart-broken, some were scared. Some were heckled and worse by Trumpeters. Others admitted that they were really, really pissed off. In the US, they took to the streets in protest.
But next the day dawned, and it was still surreal. Party leaders sent out brave emails, graciously extolling inclusiveness and unity, calm heads and forgiving hearts. You hear Gandhi in those words. But Gandhi also marched to the sea. Shouldn’t we?
If you, like many of us, are tired of déjà vu, let’s talk about changing the view! Acting now, employing the remedies built into the US body of law, we can take our minds off the disappointment and set positive change in motion. – K. Lee, DAGR Chair, 2015-17
“Don’t agonize; organize” – PDA
Hillary Clinton Concession Speech
President Obama Full Speech on Trump Election Win
Trump Victory Speech w/into by Mike Pence
[articles following or to come]
Secure the Vote
Count Every Vote
Petition the Electoral College to Use its Mandate
Revise Electoral College Selection
Prepare for a Tussle Ahead
Get Involved in Democratic Activity
Charity Moschopoulos published Post election Views - Count the Vote in News 2016-11-13 16:41:15 -0500
Count the Vote
What’s the most popular come-back of the week?
“The election’s a done deal! Get over it!”
Get over the shock, yes! But, remember that the election didn’t end when polls closed Tuesday night. Whether anything changes or not, the process goes on until the Inauguration.
At the local/state level:
... are still accepted and counted by several states. Rules vary widely from state to state, but some accept mailed ballots up to 10 days after the election. Mailed ballots are hard copies, so envelopes must be matched to the voter rolls, then opened and the ballots counted (usually) by hand. Absentee ballots can and have affected the final count.
… are cast at a polling station on Election Day if the voter’s eligibility is in question. Questions arise from a simple error or illegible handwriting. Or because the voter has been caught in a vote purging effort.
Challenges and recounts
… may take place. Some states fund an automatic recount in a very close race (1 point or less difference). In most, voters or a political party may challenge the vote, call for a recount, and pay the expense. Such challenges arise when vote tampering or hacking of electronic systems is suspected.
The deadline for finishing the count, then, may be even later, up to December 19, this year. As the states finish their job, the process connects to the federal level. It’s dull reading that glosses over a lot of potential drama.
Mid-November through December 19, 2016
The governor of each state prepares Certificates of Ascertainment and, as soon as “practicable,” sends one to the Archivist of the United States (head of the National Archives). This should happen by the time of the Electoral College elector’s meeting.
December 13, 2016
States must make final decisions in any controversies over the appointment of their electors at least six days before the meeting of the Electors. Decisions by states’ courts are conclusive, if decided under laws enacted before Election Day.
December 19, 2016
The Electors meet in their state and vote for President and Vice President. They send the result on a Certificate of Vote, which goes with their state’s Certificate of Ascertainment to the President of the Senate, et al.
December 28, 2016
Electoral votes (the Certificates of Vote) must be received by the President of the Senate and the Archivist no later than nine days after the meeting of the electors.
On or Before January 3, 2017
The Archivist and/or representatives from the Office of the Federal Register meet with the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House in late December or early January.
January 6, 2017
The Congress meets in joint session to count the electoral votes. The Vice President, as President of the Senate, presides over the count, announces the results of the Electoral College vote, and then declares which persons, if any, have been elected President and Vice President of the United States.
If no Presidential candidate has won 270 or more electoral votes, a majority, the House of Representatives elects the President, choosing from the three candidates who received the greatest number of electoral votes. The vote is taken by state, with each state having one vote. The process is repeated for Vice President, but with the Senate voting.
Objections to the Electoral College vote must be submitted in writing and be signed by at least one member of the House and one Senator, with the House and Senate then considering the merits under procedures set out in federal law. (See 2004!)
January 20, 2017 at Noon—Inauguration Day
The President-elect takes the Oath of Office and becomes the President of the United States.
Key Dates in the 2016 General Election
Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration
National Association of Secretaries of State
Explore a little, visit your state’s SOS site, linked to NASS.
(Hint: tons of details in training materials for precinct election officials)
Charity Moschopoulos published Post Election Views - Sins of Our Fathers.... in News 2016-11-13 12:20:36 -0500
“Our fathers sinned, and are no more; It is we who have borne their iniquities.”
Today it was announced that one of the architects of Bush’s torture policy, Jose Rodriquez1, is being considered for head of the CIA in the Trump administration. Waterboarding is considered illegal by the UN and most nations and yet we may have it returned to the CIA arsenal.
During the first days of the Obama Administration I thoroughly expected an investigation to be called for to bring to justice Bush and Co for their lies and deceit in the run up to the Iraq War and for the runaway spending that gave us a HUGE deficit along with the untold numbers of Americans dead and injured not to speak of the hundreds of thousands of Iraqis. Bush and Co pushed the limits of Presidential power but Obama did nothing to rein it in. Obama saw a much divided nation and wanted to mend fences between the parties. Commendable, maybe? Litigation and investigation was NOT on the table and we will be reaping this lack of oversight with the Trump administration and extreme policies.
To me, this was always a serious tactical mistake. Our example of holding officials accountable is found with what happened with Watergate2. Democrats AND Republicans came together setting aside partisan politics for the investigation. Why, because they considered upholding the Constitution and its tenants more important to the health of the country than holding onto their partisan turf, taking the high road even at a cost. Watergate and its operatives were investigated and tried. Many in the administration went to jail, Nixon resigned and laws were created and passed to try and avoid these excesses of power in the future. This legacy made it much more difficult to play the same game again and allowed the wounds inflicted on the country to heal. If Obama had heeded history he would have at least had an investigation. But he and Eric Holder turned the other cheek and didn’t, so today we have the distinct possibility that we will reap what we sowed. The Constitution should ALWAYS trump partisan politics, ALWAYS!
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Charity Moschopoulos published AHI Publishes Hillary Clinton's Position Paper on Greece - US Relations in News 2016-11-05 09:54:31 -0400
Growing Together: Hillary Clinton’s Vision for Advancing Opportunity
for Greek Americans & Immigrants of Greek Descent
Hillary believes the U.S.-Greece relationship is underpinned by shared interests and values, as well as strong bonds created by the large Greek American community. The United States is home to an estimated three million people who identify as Greek Americans. Their numerous ties to Greece – both business and personal – enhance the bilateral relationship and serve as a bridge of understanding between Greece and the United States. From adding rich diversity, to spurring small businesses and economic growth, Greek Americans and Greek immigrants have helped build this country and strengthen our communities.
Hillary has a record of standing by Greece and the Greek American community:
● As First Lady, Senator and Secretary of State, Hillary regularly engaged with leaders of the Greek Orthodox Church. She visited the Ecumenical Patriarchate three times, highlighting its importance: once as First Lady in 1996, again in 1999 when she returned with President Bill Clinton – the first sitting US President ever to visit – and again in 2011 as Secretary of State. Hillary is a long-time advocate of religious freedom. And she was proud to represent the vibrant Greek American community in New York as Senator.
● As Secretary of State, Hillary visited Greece in 2011 and signed a Memorandum of Understanding to strengthen collaboration and reduce looting and trafficking of Greek antiquities, and provide for their return to Greece to preserve its cultural heritage. During this visit, she also reinforced the U.S.-Greece partnership in the NATO alliance and reiterated the U.S.’s support of the Greek government to make the necessary reforms to put Greece back on sound financial footing.
As President, Hillary will continue to fight for issues that are important to the Greek American Community.
On issues of importance around the world, she will:
• Stand with our allies and strengthen NATO: Hillary knows that the world is too complex and too complicated for the U.S. to go it alone. Greece is a historic friend and ally of the United States and the bilateral relationship is critical in promoting regional stability and security, trade and investment, and the diversification of energy resources for Europe. Hillary recognizes Greece’s important role as a NATO ally. Greece hosts the U.S. Naval Support Activity at Souda Bay in Crete, whose deep protected harbor provides a strategically important location for supporting U.S. and allied military activities in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. As President, Hillary will ensure that we support Greece and work together on important issues such as climate change, fighting terrorism, and economic security. Above all, this is an alliance of values, rooted in a deep commitment to liberty and democracy.
• Support economic security for Greece and Europe: The economic crisis that struck Greece in 2009 caused its economy to contract by about 25 percent and, resulted in dramatic increases in unemployment and poverty. Hillary supports Greece’s efforts to restore fiscal stability, implement structural reforms, recover competitiveness and restart growth. And she strongly believes that the Eurozone should continue to take the necessary steps to keep its monetary union intact. Hillary will continue to support efforts by Greece and its creditors to find solutions for Greece to meet its financial obligations, while providing a path forward for economic recovery through debt relief.
• Call for a robust international response to the European migration crisis: Hillary recognizes the tremendous efforts made by the Greek people to offer humanitarian aid and assistance to the hundreds of thousands of refugees and migrants who have entered the country since 2015. The generosity and compassion they have demonstrated set an important example for Europe and the world. Hillary will continue to call for a more robust international response to the European migration crisis. She will also ensure the U.S. maintains its role as the largest donor of humanitarian assistance to displaced persons and refugees.
• Support a comprehensive settlement to reunify Cyprus as a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation. Hillary strongly supports efforts to reach a comprehensive settlement to reunify Cyprus as a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation. She supports Cypriot-led, UN-facilitated negotiations as the best process to achieve a fair and lasting settlement. Hillary views Cyprus as a strategic partner of the United States, and she values our close cooperation with Cyprus and the European Union in advancing our shared transatlantic priorities.
And on issues of importance here at home, she will fight to:
• Ensure quality education: Hillary will champion new opportunities in education to ensure nothing stands in the way of all Americans achieving their full potential. Hillary will increase our investment in Early Head Start and the Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting program. She also has a plan to make pre-K universal for all 4 year-olds in America, and will fight for strong public schools in every community across the country. Like too many Americans, Greek Americans and Greek immigrants face difficulty in paying for college and paying off their student debt. Through her New College Compact, Hillary will fight to ensure that cost is not a barrier for anyone who wants to attend college—and that debt won’t hold them back when they do.
• Keep families together through comprehensive immigration reform: As president, Hillary will fight for comprehensive immigration reform that provides a full and equal path to citizenship, treats every person with dignity, upholds the rule of law, protects our borders and national security, and brings millions of hardworking people into the formal economy.
• Hillary Clinton is committed to building an economy that works for everyone, not just those at the top. In her first 100 days in office, Hillary will break through Washington gridlock to make the biggest investment in good paying jobs since World War II. That plan includes: first, making the boldest investments in American infrastructure since Eisenhower built the interstate highway system to spur economic growth. Second, she will also invest in American manufacturing and crack down on trade abuses that hurt working Americans. Third, she will make America the clean energy superpower of the 21st century. Fourth, she will cut taxes and reduce red tape so that small businesses can grow and hire. Fifth, she will support scientific research and technological innovation. In fact, an independent analysis by Mark Zandi, a former economic advisor to John McCain, recently calculated that under Hillary’s plans the economy would create 10.4 million jobs in her first term alone—and we think it could create even more than that.
• Expand access to affordable health care to all families: Hillary has been fighting her entire life to ensure that families have access to affordable health care. She will stand up to Republican attempts to roll back the Affordable Care Act and will protect the progress we have made. She will work to lower out-of-pocket health care costs, reduce the cost of prescription drugs and transform our health care system to reward value and quality. She believes we should let families—regardless of immigration status—buy into the Affordable Care Act exchanges. As president, Hillary will fight to defend Medicare and Social Security as well as expand benefits for widows and women who have taken time out of the workforce—so that all American families can retire with dignity
Paid for by Hillary for America
Charity Moschopoulos published Dukakis Center to Host Reception - Election Day USA in News 2016-11-04 11:18:21 -0400
A few of you have asked DAGR if anything was planned for Election Watch in northern Greece. We had not been able to plan a Chapter event and, until recently, were unaware of others. However, we’ve just learned The Dukakis Center IS planning one and we’re happy to share their invitation with our members! Hope you can attend!
The Michael and Kitty Dukakis Center for Public and Humanitarian Service
Cordially invite you to
"Election Day USA"
Tuesday, November 8, 8 PM
Hyatt Regency Hotel Thessaloniki
Yes, Virginia, there IS an Election Watch party, Tuesday Nov 8th till dawn!
And you won’t want to miss it. Share the suspense among like-minded friends.
Democrats Abroad Greece Election Watch 2016
Divani Caravel Hotel, Ilissos Room
Vassileos Alexandrou 2, Athens
9:30 p.m. (21:30) till dawn
€25 at the door
RSVP required - https://goo.gl/forms/21ieiVatqrlkr3tF3
FREE TICKET to 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 100th RSVP received by Nov. 1!
NOT TO BE MISSED:
The 2nd ceiling-shattering election in a row! An 80+% chance Democrats will retain the White House. A good bet we’ll retake the Senate. A growing likelihood we’ll regain the House and state majorities. BUT down-ballot, it’s going to be a cliff-hanger!
Doors open at 9:30 for those who can’t stay out late. Anyone who hopes to stay till the results are fairly final can come later. Our reception desk will stay open till everyone’s in.
Our ride-share desk will be open from 11:30 onwards. Carpool and taxi-share interest is in the RSVP form to get it rolling. We’ll connect you to arrange transport TO the event. Then broker rides to home area or public transport when a car/taxi is about to LEAVE.
A group from Mykonos learned a double room at the hotel is €125. They’re sailing in and staying over. Check out this option with Divani Caravel if you like. Tell them you’re with Dems Abroad. Tel: 210 720 7000 or online at http://divanicaravelhotel.com/
Welcome drink on arrival. First buffet at 10 p.m. with streaming pundits and predictions, plus info on what’s at stake besides the White House. Buffet replenished as exit polls come in. Polls start closing in the US at 2 a.m. Athens time. Substantial results about 4 a.m. And possibly a small group of hardy souls will stumble to breakfast when it’s all done.
This is what all the emails, phone calls, and events of the past 10 months have led up to. We’re looking forward to a marathon of political fun and suspense, and … we’re pretty sure … celebration.
It wouldn’t be the same without YOU!
See you there!
Charity Moschopoulos published DebateWatch 3 – Presidential: Clinton vs Trump in News 2016-10-18 09:17:13 -0400
Tempting as it is to say “No, not one more minute of DT’s trash-talk,” this IS the 3rd and last debate. It may be Hillary’s best yet. After that, we turn to the folks at home, with that last pitch to get them out to the polls.
Whatever the tone of DW3, you won’t want to miss it. So join us at the Hard Rock!
DEBATE WATCH 3 – Details
Thursday, October 20 - 07:00 pm - €10
Hard Rock Café, Adrianou 52, Athens, Greece
Just behind the Monastiraki train station - Park and ride!
RSVP here by Wednesday:
Mark your menu choice(s)!
Cheeseburger, Caesar Salad w/Chicken or Veggie Leggie Burger – with fries and your choice of a beer, glass of wine, or soft drink.
Pay at the door.
Order more from the waiter if you like; pay as served.
Upper room at HRC. Take the stairs from the entrance, or, if you’re stair-challenged, just ask the staff for help. They’ve got us covered so everyone can enjoy the evening.
€10 per person
Tips jar will be passed for the wait staff!
See you there!
Charity Moschopoulos published DebateWatch 2 – Presidential: Clinton vs Trump in News 2016-10-05 14:37:31 -0400
If you missed DW1, may we confess that we got slammed!
Hard Rock set up for our guest list and then had to bring in 7 more tables. The wait staff smiled through it all, bless ‘em … and WE had a great time!
Incidentally, Secretary Clinton mopped the floor with Mr. Unhinged. The cherry on the cake!
Ready for Round Two?
DEBATE WATCH 2 – Details
Monday, October 10 - 07:00 pm - €10
Hard Rock Café, Adrianou 52, Athens, Greece
Just behind the Monastiraki train station - Park and ride!
We promised we’d stick to the guest limit this time. So, first booked, first confirmed!
RSVP here: https://goo.gl/forms/hyrq9p9J7ScM6iWb2
Presidential Debate #2 between our issues-talking candidate and that guy whose gas could replace 10 coal-fired power plants.
Will this be the knock-out punch?
Menu adjustment by popular demand!
Choose from – Cheeseburger, Caesar Salad w/Chicken or Veggie Leggie Burger – with fries and your choice of a beer, glass of wine, or soft drink.
We learned from last week’s deluge:
Pay at the door.
Order more from the waiter if you like; pay as served.
Upper room at HRC. Take the stairs from the entrance, or, if you’re stair-challenged, just ask the staff for help. They’ve got us covered so everyone can enjoy the evening.
€10 per person
Tips jar will be passed for the wait staff!
See you there!
Charity Moschopoulos posted about US Embassy’s 2016 Voting Party – RSVP Deadline Extended! on Facebook 2016-10-03 02:41:07 -0400US Embassy’s 2016 Voting Party – RSVP Deadline Extended!
If you want to attend the Embassy’s party on Oct 14th, you still can! Guest list is growing but …
the deadline for RSVPs is extended to Monday, Oct 10.
There will be music, games, and refreshments to celebrate casting our absentee ballots for this year’s Presidential Election.
Trained voting assistance representatives will be on hand to help you with the mechanics of preparing your ballot for mailing.
After you drop your voted ballot in a giant ballot box, the Embassy will ship ballots to the United States in time to meet all jurisdictions’ deadlines.
Friday, October 14, 2016 - 5:30 to 8 pm
American Community Schools of Athens
U.S. Citizens and Guests
Registrations close on Oct. 10
Register today at EventBrite ….
All guests, regardless of nationality and age, must register with EventBrite (see above) with their passport or Greek ID numbers. Only registered guests will be permitted entry.
Ask to have your ballot sent by email. Your local election official will send it as soon as they receive and process your registration.
Check your state’s deadlines on the VFA site at:
If you wait till the 14th to register at the party, you should also get a Federal Write-in Ballot, and send both back via the Embassy. Just in case!
If you’ve got your ballot and want to drop it in the box at the party, be sure it’s got enough US postage. The Embassy will get it to the US, but it has to be mailed on to your local election official.
If you’ve already sent your ballot, the Embassy staff say they’ll be happy to have you come anyway. Drop an empty envelope in the ballot box, with “I already voted!” written on it. And listen for the drum roll as you drop it in!
Happy Birthday, Margarita!
DAGR extends warm wishes to Margarita Papandreou on the occasion of her 93rd birthday, today!
Just one year ago, Ms Papandreou consented to serve as Honorary Chair of the just-forming-up DAGR Women’s Caucus. It was a role waiting for her to fill.
As wife of the Prime Minister, she lent her drive and public profile to the effort of modern Greek women to gain equal rights. The controversial six-year effort culminated in Law 1329/1983, passed in the Greek Parliament on December 31, 1982.
“The Greek Family Law of 1982” brought sweeping changes to a society in which patriarchy and gender inequality had been codified in law. Among its key provisions were the introduction of civil marriage, joint decision-making by spouses, a woman’s right to use her maiden name after marriage, the abolition of the institution of dowry, equal parental status between spouses and no-fault divorce by mutual consent. It also reduced the age of majority to 18 and equalized rights of children born in and out of wedlock.
In its time, the Law was forward looking, even for Europe. For rigidly conservative families it spelled wrenching changes. For others, it would long be associated with party politics. But for women it meant choice in education, profession and marital status, control of property, legal redress in the courts. For their children, and the men in their lives, it unlocked the future.
So, it is fitting, as we, Democrats Abroad Greece, anticipate the election of our first woman US President, that we celebrate the long struggle for full emancipation, worldwide and here in our host country.
Our ‘card’ – covering a flash drive of DAGR photos and videos – was constructed by DAGR-WC Working Chair, Sarajane Leone. Marion Kavallieros, Athens Chapter Chair, is handling the transfer to Ms Papandreou’s son Nick for delivery. In between, our man at the computer, Nick Loisos, recorded the last segment for the flash drive: attendees at the first Debate Watch this past Tuesday singing an impromptu, possibly off-key, but rousing rendition of the Birthday Song to one of our own!
Happy Birthday, Margarita!
Join us in Athens for Debate Watch 1, on the 27thRSVP here: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSenkjInmk8b5XvMHXqWaPpl3uOieFYG5J3hFM-C0nGy4_jgVA/viewform
DEBATE WATCH 1 – Details
Tuesday, September 27 - 07:00 pm - €10
Hard Rock Café, Adrianou 52, Athens, Greece
Just behind the Monastiraki train station - Park and ride!
DebateWatch 1 – Presidential: Clinton vs Trump
Hot off the ether! Grabbed in the wee hours of the day for our viewing pleasure!
The first of three Presidential debates between our clear-headed, issue-savvy candidate and the other one, who some have dubbed a race-baiting shape-shifter. Just sayin’.
Come casual – Chat up old friends, make new ones – Select a snappy button!
And then settle in to see how this first debate plays out.
Come hungry and chow down on great eats!
Choose from – Cheeseburger, Chicken Tenders or Veggie Leggie Burger – with fries and your choice of a beer, glass of wine, or soft drink. These are ‘normal’ size portions, not mini-burgers. They’re not HRC’s jumbo-size either, but you can order more from the menu if you’re super hungry. We’ve tested our menu and it’s all tasty!
We have the upper room at HRC to ourselves, fully equipped for sound and unobstructed viewing! Take the stairs from the entrance, or, if you’re stair-challenged, just ask the staff for help. They’ve got us covered so everyone can enjoy the evening.
€10 per person
See you there!
DAGR ANNUAL FOURTH OF JULY POLITICS QUIZ
1. Who was the only Senator (super delegate) to endorse Sanders in the Primaries?
a. Elizabeth Warren
b. Jeff Merkley
c. Barbara Boxer
2. Merrick Garland, chief judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for DC, was appointed by Obama to replace which Supreme Court justice?
a. Antonin Scalia
b. Ruth Bader-Ginsberg
c. Arthur Kennedy
3. As a result of the sit-in staged by Dems in the US House to force a vote on sensible gun control measures, the House ___ .
a. voted in favor of background checks and an assault weapons ban
b. approved stiffer checks to prevent terrorists from buying guns
c. went on vacation, returned and now continues to block a vote
4. What idea did NOT appear in the language, notes, and debates on the 2nd Amendment?
a. the individual’s right to own a gun for self-defense or recreation
b. an individual’s right to own a gun if needed to defend the country
c. the potential need for the country to defend itself in the future
5. Which ítem in the Dems Abroad Platform may NOT get into the DNC Platform today?
a. Dump the TPP/TTIP trade agreements
b. Produce 50% of US power from renewables by 2050.
c. Raise the US mínimum wage to $15/hr
6. Who’s FOR the proposed free trade agreements, TPP and TTIP?
a. US Congress and the US administration
b. Clinton, Sanders, Trump and Obama
c. Obama but not Clinton and Sanders
7. What, if any, effect may the Chilcot Report have on the US?
a. Families of military sent to Iraq may sue GWBush et al for damages.
b. US DOJ may prosecute Bush admin officials for WMD misinformation.
c. No action: “Let’s focus on the future.”
8. How many Articles of Impeachment were presented to the US House, June 9, 2008, in H.Res. 1258? Against whom? By whom?
a. 15 against GW Bush et al, by Rep. Barbara Mikulski
b. 22 against Dick Cheney et al, by then-Rep. Bernie Sanders
c. 35 against GW Bush, by Rep. Dennis Kucinich
9. Which Florida politician is running against the current DNC Chair?
a. Tim Canova
b. Alan Grayson
c. Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
10. Which organization is headed by Howard Dean’s brother, Jim?
BONUS: What do the acronyms stand for? What was the original name of DFA? OFA?
11. Who’s the progressive Dem House candidate in the NY-19th?
a. Pete DeFazio
b. Zephyr Teachout
c. Kirsten Gillibrand
12. In an April 22, 2016 article, the Wall Street Journal explored something that these 6 Republican senators have in common. What was the object of the WSJ’s concern?
Senators: Rob Portman (Ohio), Ron Johnson (Wisconsin), Kelly Ayotte (New Hampshire), Mark Kirk (Illinois), Richard Burr (North Carolina) and Pat Toomey (Pennsylvania)
13. FUN FACTS ABOUT BERNIE SANDERS (T/F?)
_____ He worked as a carpenter before entering politics and has released a folk album
_____ Since 2009, Sanders top five campaign contributions have come from labor unions.
_____ He is only the second Democratic senator ever to represent Vermont
_____ He won his first election, as mayor of Burlington, VT, by 10 votes.
14. FUN FACTS ABOUT HILARY CLINTON (T/F?)
_____ She won a Grammy Award in 1996.
_____ She worked a job sliming fish in Alaska during college.
_____ She campaigned for Goldwater in 1964 as a “Goldwater Girl” and went on to campaign for George McGovern in 1968
_____ She tried to join the Marines at age 27, but was told, “You’re too old, you can’t see and you’re a woman.”
15. FUN FACTS ABOUT DONALD TRUMP (T/F?)
____ His sister is a federal appeals court judge.
____ He is an Ivy League university graduate.
_____ He graduated from the same Military Academy for troubled teens as Francis Ford Coppola, Stephen Sondheim and John Gotti, Jr.
____ He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
____ He participated in WWE’s Wrestlemania 23.
16. IN CASE YOU’VE FORGOTTEN WHAT’S AT STAKE:
Which of these quotations is NOT attributable to Donald Trump? Circle the number of the right answer.
1. “ An extremely credible source has called my office and told me that Barak Obama’s birth certificate is a fraud.
2. “Our great African-African President hasn’t exactly had a positive impact on the thugs who are so happily and openly destroying Baltimore.”
3. It’s freezing and snowing in New York. We need global warming.”
4. I will build a great great wall on our Southern border. I will make Mexico pay for it.”
5. “I’ve said that if Ivanka wasn’t my daughter, maybe I’d be dating her.”
6. “My IQ is one of the highest – and you know it.”
7. “I have so many fabulous friends who happen to be gay, but I am a traditionalist.”
8. “The only card that Hilary Clinton has is the woman’s card…”
9. "They're (Muslims) not coming to this country if I'm president. And if Obama has brought some to this country they are leaving, they're going, they're gone."
10. “He’s (John McCain) not a war hero,” said Trump. “He was a war hero because he was captured. I like people who weren’t captured.”
11. He said (or tweeted) it all. YOU CAN’T MAKE THIS STUFF UP.
Tick the statements about Voting From Abroad that are TRUE.
* If you live outside the US, you must register every year you want to vote.
* If you request a Democratic Primary ballot, your state will send your information to Democrats Abroad.
* The only way to become a member of Democrats Abroad is to JOIN.
* When you fill out the VFA registration app, it goes online, directly to your home state.
* Mail your voter registration application to your county voting authority, usually called a Registrar or County Board of Elections.
* Democrats Abroad has a Global Primary every two years, in the even-numbered years.
* If you vote for President in the DA GPP, you may NOT vote for President OR for delegates for that candidate in your home state election.
* If you vote in the DA GPP, you MAY vote for other ‘down-ballot’ races on your state ballot.
* ‘Down-ballot’ races might include US Senate and House, state legislatura, mayor and US Supreme Court justices.
* Military personnel overseas can register and vote online (UOCAVA).
* Civilian voters can fill in the application to register online, but must print, sign and send the hard copy back to their home county voting authority.
* Most US states currently use electronic (touchscreen) voting machines and will accept online votes from abroad as well.
* Your state Sec’y of State keeps track of who you vote for. If you usually vote for Democrats, they will send you a Democratic Primary ballot.
* To stay a member of Dems Abroad, you must make contact at least every four years, by attending events, updating your contact information, or talking to a phone volunteer.
* If you move to a different country abroad, you can move your membership to their DA group.
* If you move back to the US, you are no longer be a member of Democrats Abroad.
* DAGR has a Women’ Caucus, a Young Democrats group, an LGBT Caucus and a group working on taxation issues.
DA Secretary, responsible for Communications and newsletter for DA Greece.