WOMEN & WAGE/INCOME INEQUALITY
“The first surveys of earning, and a self-perpetuating cycle of low employer expectations, low wages, and low lifetime female workforce participation.
“Individual characteristics in the late nineteenth century indicate that men were paid more than women upon hiring, but that the wage gap closed over time. Analysis of these data suggests that the nineteenth-century wage gap can be explained largely by differences in experience, productivity and expected lifetime workforce participation. The fact that women were paid low wages may have encouraged them to leave the workplace, creating a self-perpetuating cycle of low employee expectations, low wages and low lifetime female workforce participation.”
Source: The Reader’s Companion to Women’s History