September 05, 2019

UPU Advice for 2019 Voters

The US administration has tentative plans to withdraw from the Universal Postal Union (UPU) treaty mid-October 2019. Should that withdrawal happen, postal mail from abroad back to the US may experience delays and price increases. To make sure you can successfully cast your ballot in your state's elections this year we recommend the following steps:

  1. Prepare and send in your ballot request form now to your local election office via choose
    • When you fill in your request form, make sure you indicate you choose to receive your ballot by "Email or online".
    • Do not choose "Mail".

    SEP 21Ballots for November 5 elections should be available on or around September 21.

  2. If you have not received your ballot by September 22 reach out to your local election office to find out its status. Find election office contact information at

  3. Once you received your ballot, we recommend returning your ballot by email or fax if your state allows it.

    For those states that do not allow ballot return using email or fax, please vote and mail back your ballot immediately to avoid any disruption in mail service after October 17: 


Is your vote dependent on the postal service?

Does your state accept elections materials using alternatives to postal mail, such as email, online upload, or fax? Or is postal mail mandated?


I.  States restricting transmission to postal mail for

a.   Voter Registration (FPCA)

  1. Alabama
  2. Florida
  3. Idaho
  4. Oregon
  5. South Dakota
  6. West Virginia
  7. Wisconsin
  8. Wyoming

b.   Ballot Request (FPCA)

  1. Alabama
  2. Wyoming – if originally registered with FPCA

May submit FPCA by email or fax, but must mail form too:

  1. Arkansas
  2. Connecticut
  3. New Jersey
  4. New York
  5. Rhode Island

c.   Voted Ballot Return 🗳

  1. Arkansas
  2. Connecticut
  3. Georgia
  4. Idaho
  5. Illinois
  6. Iowa   *email/fax only in "hostile zone"
  7. Kentucky
  8. Maryland
  9. Michigan
  10. Minnesota
  11. Missouri  *email/fax only in "hostile zone"
  12. New Hampshire
  13. New York
  14. Ohio
  15. Pennsylvania
  16. South Dakota
  17. Tennessee
  18. Texas  *fax only in "hostile zone"
  19. Vermont
  20. Virginia
  21. Wisconsin
  22. Wyoming


II.  States offering electronic options (email, online access, fax) to

a.   Deliver Blank Ballot to Voter

Every state will send absentee ballot electronically to voters abroad if preference to receive voting materials by "Email or online" or "Fax" is indicated on Ballot Request form (FPCA).

b.   Return Voted Ballot 🗳

  1. Alabama – return using online upload of ballot if choosing to received voting materials by "Email or online."
  2. Alaska – return by fax if choosing to received voting materials by "Email or online" or "Fax."
  3. Arizona
  4. California – return by fax
  5. Colorado – vote online at
  6. Delaware
  7. District of Columbia
  8. Florida – return by fax
  9. Hawaii
  10. Indiana
  11. Louisiana – return by fax with prior arrangement by LEO
  12. Kansas
  13. Maine
  14. Massachusetts
  15. Mississippi
  16. Montana – vote online at
  17. Nebraska – return by email or fax with prior arrangement by LEO
  18. Nevada
  19. New Jersey – return by email or fax, but must mail marked ballot too
  20. New Mexico
  21. North Carolina
  22. North Dakota
  23. Oklahoma – return by fax
  24. Oregon
  25. Rhode Island – check with your election official to return by email or fax
  26. South Carolina
  27. Utah
  28. Washington
  29. West Virginia