Chair, Democrats Abroad Global Women's Caucus

  • published Women & Social Work in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:52:50 -0400

    Women & Social Work


    “Like the civil rights and antiwar movements, the anti-poverty programs of the 1960’s Johnson Administration planted seeds of feminist change, by mandating “maximum feasible participation” of agency clients and neighborhood residents, while empowering male agency heads, policymakers, and community leaders.  Not until the mid-1980’s, did the social work literature reflect issues concerning the feminist movement, which responded angrily and assertively to an era of social-change movements that often excluded women.”

    Source: WH

    Social Work History

    Influential Women in the History of Social Work | Rutgers School of Social Work

    From Charitable Volunteers to Architects of Social Welfare: A Brief History of Social Work

  • Women & Public Housing and Women's Property Rights


    “Today, it's easy to take for granted that women can take out a line of credit, apply for a home loan, or enjoy property rights. However, for centuries in the United States and Europe, this was not the case. A woman's husband or another male relative controlled any property allotted to her.

    “The gender divide concerning property rights was so widespread that it inspired Jane Austen novels such as "Pride and Prejudice" and, more recently, period dramas such as "Downton Abbey." The plot lines of both works involve families made up solely of daughters. Because these young women can't inherit their father's property, their future depends on finding a mate.

    “Women's right to own property was a process that took place over time, starting in the 1700s.”

    Source: ThoughtCo

    A Brief History of Women's Property Rights in the US

    Inside New York's last remaining all-women apartment buildings

    The Evolution of the Fair Housing Act and Women's Progress in Housing

  • published Women & Public Health in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:52:23 -0400

    Women & Public Health


    “Women have always been healers as well as caretakers; they have acted as pharmacists, physicians, nurses, herbalists, abortionists, counselors, midwives, and sages or "wise women." They also have been called witches. In the physician role, however, society rarely permitted them to perform in the same capacities and positions as men.”


    Women as Health Professionals, Historical Issues of

    History of the Women’s Health Movement in the 20th Century

    Women in Leadership and Public Health | Public Health Post

    Women's Public Health and Safety Act will put the wellbeing of women and babies first

    Women in Public Health and Medicine - Women's History (US National Park Service)

    Seven Unique Roles Of Female Public Health Professionals

  • published Women & Philanthropy in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:52:12 -0400

    Women & Philanthropy


    “Women in the United States have been active philanthropists since the colonial era.  Beginning in the late-eighteenth century, middle- and upper-class white women (and to a lesser extent, women of color) fostered the development of a wide array of charitable services and social reform movements for women and children, created parallel power structures that resembled, but rarely precisely replicated, the political and economic functions of government.  Most of these organizations were built on a foundation of voluntarism rather than cash.

    “These patterns began to change in the 1980’s with the emergence of women’s funds, which are designed to channel money into organizations that focus on women and children, and to do so in ways that involve recipients, as well as, the donors in the allocation of grants.  In effect, they are designed to cut across the barriers of class and race.  One of the innovators in this area was the Ms. Foundation.  Created in 1972, Ms. was the first national, multi-national public women’s fund. Ms. has funded a variety of efforts, providing funds to prevent sexual abuse, to aid battered women, to curb sexual harassment in the workplace, to promote the passage of pro-choice legislation, to develop income-generation programs for poor women, and to train women at all levels of society to assume more visible leadership roles.”  

    Source: WH

    Women and Philanthropy

    MacKenzie Scott, Melinda Gates, Priscilla Chan: On Women Philanthropists

  • published Women & Civil Rights in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:51:54 -0400

    Women & Civil Rights


    “The success of the civil rights movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s was, in large part, a result of the crucial role that women played in propelling and sustaining mass action.  Women in communities throughout the South acted as leaders, organizers and members of the rank and file from the movement’s beginnings.  African American women already had begun organizing and protesting the discriminatory treatment of Blacks in urban transportation systems.  Civil rights activist, Rosa Parks, refused to give up her seat on a segregated bus in Montgomery, Alabama, and was arrested on December 1, 1955.  Parks’ action was not coincidental, but rather a response to years of organizing experience in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

    The first major federal legislative response to the Civil Rights Movement, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, and religion in several important arenas, including public accommodations, education, and employment.  The employment provision (Title VII) also barred discrimination on the basis of sex.  No provision of the Civil Rights Act prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.  The authors of the Civil Rights Act did not intend to include sex discrimination in any of its provisions.  Sex discrimination was introduced into the civil rights debate by southern opponents of the measure who south to flummox its supporters and kill it through ridicule.”  

    Source: WH

    “Up to the 1940s, white southern female activism manifested itself through all-female, church-related groups. Most of these women belonged to the middle- and upper-class, and remained within the bounds of respectability as « southern ladies ». Yet they often found themselves at odds with their male-dominated institutions, and laid the groundwork for the following generations of activists.”

    Source: Amnis Open Edition Journal

    Women in the Civil Rights Movement | Articles and Essays | Civil Rights History Project | Digital Collections

    8 historic women who pioneered the Civil Rights Movement

  • published Women & Affirmative Action in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:51:38 -0400

    Women & Affirmative Action


    “Advocates for affirmative action do not slight the value of merit, but do disagree that merit alone should determine the distribution of entry-level opportunity.  According to its advocates, affirmative action is necessary to ensure that people with power over hiring and admissions do not disregard the merits of white women and people of color.  Advocates also want to expand the meaning of merit to include the way life’s struggles - against sexism and racism - modulate ability and enrich each individual’s contribution to her job, school or community.”  

    Source: WH

    The Changing Meaning of Affirmative Action | The New Yorker

    Affirmative Action Is Great For White Women. So Why Do They Hate It? | HuffPost Australia (

  • published Women & Class in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:51:25 -0400

    Women & Class


    “Throughout human history, three caste systems have stood out. The tragically accelerated, chilling, and officially vanquished caste system of Nazi Germany. The lingering, millennia-long caste system of India. And the shape-shifting, unspoken, race-based caste pyramid in the United States. Each version relied on stigmatizing those deemed inferior to justify the dehumanization necessary to keep the lowest-ranked people at the bottom and to rationalize the protocols of enforcement. A caste system endures because it is often justified as divine will, originating from sacred text or the presumed laws of nature, reinforced throughout the culture and passed down through the generations.”

    Source: Isabel Wilkerson, “Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents

    “Class analysis, if central to women’s history, has its limits. The class position of many women is by no means simple to assess.  Where, for example, do we place the impoverished white tenant farm women depicted in Margaret Hagood’s 1939 study Mothers of the South? They fit no easy Marxist categories.  They were near starvation, often dominated by abusive husbands; and yet they could still afford occasionally to hire African American women to help them after childbirth or when ill.  Their example illustrates the ways in which race privilege has sharply divided white women of a given class from those of the same ostensible class position who have been marked as racially inferior.”  

    Source: WH

    “Caste is insidious and therefore powerful because it is not hatred, it is not necessarily personal. It is the worn grooves of comforting routines and unthinking expectations, patterns of a social order that have been in place for so long that it looks like the natural order of things.”

    Source: Isabel Wilkerson, “Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents

    Gender, social class, and women's employment (

  • published Women & Economic Power/Empowerment in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:51:07 -0400

    Women & Economic Power/Empowerment


    “Periods of more economic growth typically are accompanied by expansion in labor market opportunities for women.  Women have held jobs vacated by men who are engaged in war. And, wartime spending stimulates demand for goods and services, and leads to increased production of goods and services.  Rapid economic growth appears to provide relatively greater opportunities for disadvantaged groups such as working-class women and people of color, while periods of slower growth disproportionately harm these groups.”  

    Source: The Reader’s Guide to Women’s History

    What’s Really Holding Women Back? ( as Drivers of Economic Growth | S&P Global

    How Women’s Economic Power Is Reshaping The Consumer Market (

    Women’s Power Index | Council on Foreign Relations (

    Women gain more political and economic power, but gender gap persists | EurekAlert! Science News

  • published Women & Slavery and Women & Abolition in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:50:53 -0400

    Women & Slavery and Women & Abolition


    “Despite their common bondage, men and women did not experience slavery the same way.  Slave women experienced sexual exploitation, childbearing, motherhood, and the slaveholder’s sexism.  Slave women were exploited for their reproductive, as well as, productive capacities.”

    “The organization of female antislavery societies reflected the conventional organizational structure present in social reform organizations, in which men formed the leadership and headed the state and national societies, while women were expected to form separate, auxiliary societies.  The function of female antislavery societies was similar to that of other female reform organizations of the period, namely, to raise money to support the movement’s lecturers and its official newspapers…..Unlike other reform movements of the time, including temperance and anti-prostitution groups, in which such questions rarely arose.  By the mid-1830’s, abolitionist men and women furiously debated the “proper” role of women in public reform movements….Some women abolitionists pushed the boundaries of acceptable behavior in public reform by stepping into male domains and expanding discussions about “equality” in the movement.  In so doing, this generation of women activists forged a collective legacy for subsequent movements for sexual and racial equality in U.S. society.  More importantly, their participation in abolition and women’s rights also foretold the continuing struggle over racism, classism, and sexism; both within the movements themselves and in society, at large.”

    Source: The Reader’s Guide to Women’s History

    “So I start the book by talking about how white slave-holding parents trained their daughters how to be slave owners. They gave them lessons in slave discipline and slave management. Some even allowed their daughters to mete out physical punishments.

    Slave-holding parents and slave-holding family members gave girls enslaved people as gifts — for Christmas sometimes, when they turned 16 or when they turned 21.There are even accounts of slave-holding parents and family members giving white female infants enslaved people as their own. There is one particular instance of a case, in a court record, where a woman talks about how her grandfather gave her an enslaved person as her own when she was 9 months old.”

    Source: Stephanie Jones-Rogers in VOX interview about her book, “They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South”

    Women and Abolitionism | The Abolition Seminar

    History of slavery: white women were not passive bystanders - Vox

    Abolitionist Movement — History of U.S. Woman's Suffrage (

    How Women Abolitionists Fought Enslavement (

    Female Slave Owners - Atlantic History - Oxford Bibliographies

  • published Women & Education in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:50:36 -0400

    Women & Education


    “In 1837, Oberlin College in Ohio was the first to admit to higher education, women and men of all races. Oberlin students were required to work, as well as, study. One could speculate that one reason Oberlin admitted women was that they would take care of domestic chores for the males, who worked on the college farm.  In the early Republic, white women’s education focused on preparing females to be beacons of enlightened morality for the families and better companions for their husbands.  In addition, many women were trained to be teachers, as well as caretakers, such as nurses and social workers.  Well into the twentieth century, girls were raised and women were more formally educated to do the unpaid or underpaid work that boys and men did not think they should do.”

    Women, Marriage, Education, and Occupation in the United States from 1940-2000 | History 90.01: Topics in Digital History (

  • published Women & Suffrage in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:50:23 -0400

    Women & Suffrage


    The Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified on August 18, 1920. It declares that “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

    Women’s Suffrage - The U.S. Movement, Leaders & Amendment - HISTORY

    The Complex History of the Women’s Suffrage Movement - The New York Times (

    Leaving all to younger hands: Why the history of the women’s suffragist movement matters ('s_suffrage_in_the_United_States

  • published Women & Wage/Income Inequality in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:50:08 -0400

    Women & Wage/Income Inequality


    “The first surveys of earning, and a self-perpetuating cycle of low employer expectations, low wages, and low lifetime female workforce participation.

    “Individual characteristics in the late nineteenth century indicate that men were paid more than women upon hiring, but that the wage gap closed over time.  Analysis of these data suggests that the nineteenth-century wage gap can be explained largely by differences in experience, productivity and expected lifetime workforce participation.  The fact that women were paid low wages may have encouraged them to leave the workplace, creating a self-perpetuating cycle of low employee expectations, low wages and low lifetime female workforce participation.”

    Source: The Reader’s Companion to Women’s History

    Quick Facts About the Gender Wage Gap - Center for American Progress

    Income Inequality Definition, Facts, and History of Income Inequality in the US - 2021 - MasterClass

    Gender pay gap has narrowed, but changed little in past decade | Pew Research Center

    5 Reasons The Gender Pay Gap Exists (Yes, There’s Not Just One) - Future Women

    What’s the difference between wealth inequality and income inequality, and why does it matter? - Positive Money

  • published Women & Credit in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:49:50 -0400

    Women & Credit


    “Banks could refuse women a credit card until the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974  was signed into law. Prior to that, a bank could refuse to issue a credit card to an unmarried woman, and if a woman was married, her husband was required to cosign.  

    Many banks required single, divorced or widowed women to bring a man with them to cosign for a credit card, according to CNN, and some discounted the wages of women by as much as 50% when calculating their credit card limits, according to an article from Smithsonian Magazine.”

    Women's rights and their money: a timeline from Cleopatra to Lilly Ledbetter | Money | The Guardian

    How Ruth Bader Ginsburg Paved Way for Women to Get Credit Cards | NextAdvisor with TIME

  • published Women & Citizenship in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:49:35 -0400

    Women & Citizenship


    “Race and marriage mediated women’s nationality status until the 1930’s.  From the constitutional founding through the Civil War, African, Indian and Asian women and men could not be naturalized.  Mexicans in the Southwest could become naturalized after the mid-nineteenth-century U.S. conquest of Mexican territory, and Africans were permitted naturalization under post-civil war legislation.  Except for those Indians(sic) whose tribal treaties with the U.S. government provided naturalization rights, Indians were excluded from naturalization until 1924.  Until 1952, Asian immigrants were deemed “ineligible for citizenship.”

    Although early-nineteenth-century judicial decisions considered women’s nationality status to be independently determined by the territorial condition of their birth, by the mid-nineteenth century, women’s nationality was tied to that of their husband.  Following the family law doctrine of coverture, according to which married women assumed the state or domicile citizenship of their husbands, the Naturalization Act of 1855 imposed citizenship on foreign-born white women who married U.S. citizens.  This assigned political consequences to women’s marriage decisions; it also reinforced the idea that by consenting to marriage, women consented to multiple forms of dependency on and subordination to men.

    The 1907 naturalization policy added a punitive dimension to women’s derivative citizenship by revoking the nationality status of U.S.-born women who married men from other countries.”

    Source: The Reader’s Companion to Women’s History

    Batlan, F. “She Was Surprised And Furious”: Expatriation, Suffrage, Immigration, and The Fragility Of Women’s Citizenship, 1907-1940.

    Gardner, S. (2014). Psi Sigma Siren. Marriage and Citizenship in the United States, 8(1).

    The Cable Act (1922) It served to lend women independence from their husbands, in citizenship.

    Citizenship and the Origins of Women's History in the United States book by Teresa Ann Murphy

  • published Women's History Factoids in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:49:15 -0400

    Women's History Factoids


    • The celebration of Women's History Month dates back to the mid-twentieth century,  when historians, Elizabeth H. Pleck and Gerda Lerner, confronted the absence of women in scholarship, and spearheaded the first graduate programs in women's history.

    • Fact check: Post detailing nine things women couldn't do before 1971 is mostly right

    • Forty Years Ago, Women Had a Hard Time Getting Credit Cards

    • WOMEN & CREDIT  “Banks could refuse women a credit card until the Equal Credit Opportunity Act of 1974 was signed into law. Prior to that, a bank could refuse to issue a credit card to an unmarried woman, and if a woman was married, her husband was required to cosign.  

    • Many banks required single, divorced or widowed women to bring a man with them to cosign for a credit card, according to CNN, and some discounted the wages of women by as much as 50% when calculating their credit card limits, according to an article from Smithsonian Magazine.”

  • published Women's History Events in a Box in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:48:45 -0400

    Women's History Events in a Box


    Event in a Box

    Women’s History Trivia Quiz:

    Take this quiz and see how much you know, or learn something new, about the women who have shaped our world today. Share your scores, favorite questions, or surprising anecdotes with us, by posting to our Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter page with the #learningwomenshistory and linking the quiz!

    Women’s History My Country2:        

    Have Women’s Caucus or other interested members facilitate a conversation comparing the history of women’s movements and the state of women’s rights in the U.S. versus the country where you live. More information here.

    Break the Bias Event:

    International Women’s Day: March 8th, 2022 Theme: #BreaktheBias

    • Click here for comprehensive resources on your “Break the Bias” event

    National Women’s History Alliance Online Store

    National Women’s History Alliance: Theme: “Women Providing Healing, Promoting Hope”

    • Click here for materials from the National Women’s History Alliance online store for your event.


  • published Films for Women's History Month in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:48:34 -0400

    Films for Women's History Month


    *images and text to be used for educational purposes only*

    Suffragette Film

    Provider NBC Universal

    Rating PG-13

    Release date 2015

    Running time


    Academy Award-nominees Carey Mulligan and Helena Bonham Carter, and three-time Academy Award-winner Meryl Streep star in this powerful drama, inspired by true events, about the women willing to lose everything in their fight for equality in early twentieth-century Britain. Galvanized by outlaw fugitive Emmeline (Meryl Streep), Maud (Carey Mulligan) joins the U.K.'s growing Suffragette movement alongside women from all walks of life who sacrificed their jobs, homes, children-and even their lives for the right to vote. (Original Title - Suffragette) - 2015 Focus Features. All Rights Reserved.


    Selma Movie

    Provider Paramount

    Rating PG-13

    Release date 2014

    Actors David Oyelowo Tom Wilkinson Carmen Ejogo Giovanni Ribisi Alessandro Nivola Cuba Gooding Tim Roth Oprah Winfrey

    From the Oscar-winning producers of 12 Years a Slave and acclaimed director Ava DuVernay comes the true story of courage and hope that changed the world forever. Golden Globe nominee David Oyelowo shines as Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who rallied his followers on the historic march from Selma to Montgomery in the face of violent opposition an event that became a milestone victory for the civil rights movement. Oscar nominees Oprah Winfrey and Tom Wilkinson also star in this landmark film.


    Provider KinoLorber

    Rating Unrated

    Release date 2017

    Running time 1:36:38

    Audio German

    Subtitle (auto) English

    Actors Marie Leuenberger Maximilian Simonischek Rachel Braunschweig Sibylle Brunner Bettina Stucky Ella Rumpf

    Winner of the Audience Award for Best Narrative Film at the Tribeca Film Festival, The Divine Order is set in Switzerland in 1971 where, despite the worldwide social upheavals of the previous decade, women were still denied the right to vote. When unassuming and dutiful housewife Nora (Marie Leuenberger, winner of a Best Actress award at Tribeca) is forbidden by her husband to take a part-time job, her frustration leads to her becoming the poster child of her town’s suffragette movement. Her newfound celebrity brings humiliation, threats, and the potential end to her marriage, but, refusing to back down, she convinces the women in her village to go on strike...and makes a few startling discoveries about her own liberation. Uplifting and crowd-pleasing, this charming, captivating film is a time-capsule that could not be more timely.


    Iron Jawed Angels is a 2004 American historical drama film directed by Katja von Garnier. The film stars Hilary Swank as suffragist leader Alice Paul, Frances O'Connor as activist Lucy Burns, Julia Ormond as Inez Milholland, and Anjelica Huston as Carrie Chapman Catt.

    Video: Planned Parenthood’s Sexual and Reproductive Justice Timeline Video

    The past is the present and nowhere is that more clearly witnessed than in the Reproductive Justice timeline first documented by Western States Center and Advocates for Youth and built upon over years by numerous activists, advocates and scholars. This timeline offers a window into the nation’s reproductive history including its founding tenants, extremely dehumanizing acts and the unwavering lineage of resistance to reproductive oppression.  As a part of our Sexual and Reproductive Justice workgroup and later our Reviving Radical initiatives, we shared this enhanced reproductive justice timeline at our events and teach-ins.

  • published Books for Women's History Month in Living Library 2022-05-26 01:48:17 -0400

    Books for Women's History Month


    *Images and text to be used for educational purposes only*

    Our_Time_Is_Now.pngOur Time is Now by Stacey Abrams

    A recognized expert on fair voting and civic engagement, Abrams chronicles a chilling account of how the right to vote and the principle of democracy have been and continue to be under attack. Abrams would have been the first African American woman governor, but experienced these effects firsthand, despite running the most innovative race in modern politics as the Democratic nominee in Georgia. Abrams didn't win, but she has not conceded. The book compellingly argues for the importance of robust voter protections, an elevation of identity politics, engagement in the census, and a return to moral international leadership.

    Private_Politics_Public_Voices.pngPrivate Politics and Public Voices: Black Women’s Activism from World War I to the New Deal by Nikki Brown
    This political history of middle-class African American women during World War I focuses on their patriotic activity and social work. Nearly 200,000 African American men joined the Allied forces in France. At home, black clubwomen raised more than $125 million in wartime donations and assembled "comfort kits" for black soldiers, with chocolate, cigarettes, socks, a bible, and writing materials. Given the hostile racial climate of the day, why did black women make considerable financial contributions to the American and Allied war effort? Brown argues that black women approached the war from the nexus of the private sphere of home and family and the public sphere of community and labour activism. Their activism supported their communities and was fuelled by a personal attachment to black soldiers and black families. Private Politics and Public Voices follows their lives after the war, when they carried their debates about race relations into public political activism.Nikki Brown is Chair of the History Department at Grambling State University.

    Unceasing_Militant.pngUnceasing Militant: The Life of Mary Church Terrell by Alison Parker
    Born into slavery during the Civil War, Mary Church Terrell (1863–1954) would become one of the most prominent activists of her time, with a career bridging the late nineteenth century to the civil rights movement of the 1950s. The first president of the National Association of Colored Women and a founding member of the NAACP, Terrell collaborated closely with the likes of Frederick Douglass, Ida B. Wells, and W. E. B. Du Bois. Unceasing Militant is the first full-length biography of Terrell, bringing her vibrant voice and personality to life. Though most accounts of Terrell focus almost exclusively on her public activism, Alison M. Parker also looks at the often turbulent, unexplored moments in her life to provide a more complete account of a woman dedicated to changing the culture and institutions that perpetuated inequality throughout the United States.

    The_Buddha_in_the_Attic.pngThe Buddha in the Attic by Julie Otsuka
    Between the first and second world wars a group of young, non-English-speaking Japanese women travelled by boat to America. They were picture brides, clutching photos of husbands-to-be whom they had yet to meet. Julie Otsuka tells their extraordinary, heartbreaking story in this spellbinding and poetic account of strangers lost and alone in a new and deeply foreign land.

    White_Feminism.pngWhite Feminism: From the Suffragettes to Influencers and Who They Leave Behind by Koa Beck
    Join the important conversation about race, empowerment, and inclusion in the United States with this powerful new feminist classic and rousing call for change. Koa Beck, writer and former editor-in-chief of Jezebel, boldly examines the history of feminism, from the true mission of the suffragettes to the rise of corporate feminism with clear-eyed scrutiny and meticulous detail. She also examines overlooked communities—including Native American, Muslim, transgender, and more—and their difficult and ongoing struggles for social change.

    Rebecca_Traister.pngGood and Mad: The Revolutionary Power of Women's Anger by Rebecca Traister
    In the year 2018, it seems as if women’s anger has suddenly erupted into the public conversation. But long before Pantsuit Nation, before the Women’s March, and before the #MeToo movement, women’s anger was not only politically catalytic—but politically problematic. The story of female fury and its cultural significance demonstrates the long history of bitter resentment that has enshrouded women’s slow rise to political power in America, as well as the ways that anger is received when it comes from women as opposed to when it comes from men.

    No_Small_Courage.pngNo Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States by Nancy F. Cott (Editor)
    Enriched by the wealth of new research into women's history, No Small Courage offers a lively chronicle of American experience, charting women's lives and experiences with fascinating immediacy from the precolonial era to the present. Individual stories and primary sources-including letters, diaries, and news reports-animate this history of the domestic, professional, and political efforts of American women.

    Finding_the_Mother_Tree.pngSuzanne Simard is a pioneer on the frontier of plant communication and intelligence; she’s been compared to Rachel Carson, hailed as a scientist who conveys complex, technical ideas in a way that is dazzling and profound. Now, in her first book, Simard brings us into her world, the intimate world of the trees, in which she brilliantly illuminates the fascinating and vital truths—that trees are not simply the source of timber or pulp but are a complicated, interdependent circle of life; that forests are social, cooperative creatures connected through underground networks by which trees communicate their vitality and vulnerabilities with communal lives not that different from our own. In her book, as in her groundbreaking research, Simard proves the true connectedness of the Mother Tree to the forest, nurturing it in the profound ways that families and human societies nurture one another, and how these inseparable bonds enable all our survival.


    Lists: Women's History Month General Reads

    • Throughout Women’s History Month in March, we will be taking time to highlight the books by and about women who have pushed boundaries, affected change, redefined roles, or who have complicated our understanding of what it means to be powerful.
    • Stories about women who stood up, spoke out, struggled through, and soared
    • Continue your own learning on women’s history with these five new books written by scholars and public intellectuals passionate about the experiences and contributions of women
    • Biographies of women heroes

    Lists: Women's Suffrage

    • List for the women's suffrage movement. (British or American)
    • Six inspiring books About the Women's Suffrage Movement
    • From titles on the long battle for voting rights to the wider experience of women since 1918, these are the most powerful suffragette reads out there

    Lists: Black Feminism

  • rsvped for Women, Peace & Security 2022-02-08 07:17:04 -0500

    Seniors in the DNC


    Can the security of women predict the security of states and the likelihood of conflict and war?  Yes, indeed.  The prevalence of institutionalized gender-based violence and other deterrents to women’s well-being and their overall status in society correspond significantly to state and global stability. Ms. Hudson’s presentation will clarify this relationship and address the many implications of the overwhelming data supporting the link.

    Her remarks will be of tremendous interest to anyone interested in the dynamics of international security, foreign policy and the status of women.  The insights will apply across a broad swath of issues of pressing interest to Americans around the globe (and to the citizens of every country in which we reside).

    The First Political Order offers the strongest possible proof that male control of reproduction - and the violence necessary to control women’s bodies - is the first step in normalizing violence and hierarchy in every society.  From now on, there will be no more separating questions of politics and peace from the treatment of the females. Those days are over.  Thanks to Valerie M. Hudson and her team of global researchers, we have a long, practical, intimate way of diminishing violence and increasing democracy.

                                Gloria Steinem                                        

    Dr. Valerie Hudson

    Dr. Valerie Hudson, University Distinguished Professor, joined the faculty of the Bush School in 2012 as the holder of the George H. W. Bush Chair. An expert on international security and foreign policy analysis as well as gender and security, she received her PhD in political science at The Ohio State University and comes to Texas A&M University from a senior faculty position at Brigham Young University. Hudson directs the Bush School’s Program on Women, Peace, and Security.

    In 2009, Foreign Policy named her one of the top 100 Most Influential Global Thinkers. Her co-authored book Bare Branches: Security Implications of Asia’s Surplus Male Population, and the research it presents, received major attention from the media with coverage in the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, Financial Times, Washington Post, BBC, CNN, and numerous other outlets. The book also received two national book awards. Another coauthored book, Sex and World Peace, published by Columbia University Press, was named by Gloria Steinem as one of the top three books on her reading list. A recent book, with Patricia Leidl, is The Hillary Doctrine: Sex and American Foreign Policy, published in June 2015. Her newest coauthored book is The First Political Order: How Sex Shapes Governance and National Security Worldwide (Columbia University Press, 2020). She was also recently named a Distinguished Scholar of Foreign Policy Analysis by the International Studies Association.

    Dr. Hudson has developed a nation-by-nation database on women, the WomanStats Database (, that has triggered both academic and policy interest (the latter includes its use by both the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee and various agencies of the United Nations). Using this data, Hudson and her co-principal investigators from the WomanStats Project have published a wide variety of empirical work linking the security of women to the security of states, with research appearing in International Security, American Political Science Review, Journal of Peace Research, Political Psychology, and Politics and Gender.

    Dr. Hudson offers courses on women and nations (the foundations course for the Women, Peace, and Security concentration), foreign policy analysis, and a capstone on Women, Peace, and Security. Throughout her career, Dr. Hudson has demonstrated a strong commitment to collaboration with other scholars both in her own field and in other disciplines and has received significant research grants, including grants from the US Department of Defense’s Minerva Initiative and the National Science Foundation, to support her work in international affairs. Her research and teaching experience is also complemented by three major teaching awards and numerous research awards, and she has recently been awarded an Andrew Carnegie Fellowship. She was also a Fulbright Distinguished Chair at the Australian National University in early 2017.

    Hudson served as vice president of the International Studies Association for 2011-2012. She is a founding editorial board member of Foreign Policy Analysis, and also serves, or has served on, the editorial boards of The American Political Science Review, Politics and Gender, the American Journal of Political Science, and International Studies Review. More information can be found on her professional website,

    March 09, 2024 at 1:00pm
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  • Welcome to the Women's Economic Empowerment Initiative

    Welcome to the Blog for the Women's Economic Empowerment Initiative that advocates for women’s economic well-being and leadership in order to achieve, and possibly exceed, the policy goals for American women that are documented and adopted in the 2020 Democrats Abroad Platform.

    Women's Economic Empowerment


    Team Leader: Carol Moore
    Contact: [email protected]